This article comprises how Kubernetes is used in industries and what use cases are solved by Kubernetes.

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What is Kubernetes?

Kubernetes, or K8s, is a container orchestration system. In other words, when you use Kubernetes, a container based application can be deployed, scaled, and managed automatically.

The objective of Kubernetes is to abstract away the complexity of managing a fleet of containers that represent packaged applications and include everything needed to run wherever they’re provisioned. By interacting with the Kubernetes REST API, you can describe the desired state of your application, and Kubernetes does whatever is necessary to make the infrastructure conform. …

Task Description :(13)

🔰 Create a Setup so that you can ping google but not able to ping Facebook from the same system

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Before we begin it's important to understand a few concepts by which we will be completing the provided task.

Routing Table

A routing table contains the information necessary to forward a packet along the best path toward its destination. Each packet contains information about its origin and destination. Routing Table provides the device with instructions for sending the packet to the next hop on its route across the network. A routing table is a database that keeps track of paths, like a map, and uses these to determine which way to forward traffic. …

Using Ansible, we’ve been able to cut down certain processes from 17 hours to 3 minutes. -BRANDEN FAULLS

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What is Ansible?

Ansible is an open-source software provisioning, configuration management, and application-deployment tool enabling infrastructure as code. It runs on many Unix-like systems and can configure both Unix-like systems as well as Microsoft Windows. It includes its own declarative language to describe system configuration. Ansible was written by Michael DeHaan and acquired by Red Hat in 2015. Ansible is agentless, temporarily connecting remotely via SSH or Windows Remote Management (allowing remote PowerShell execution) to do its tasks.


Unlike most configuration-management software, Ansible does not require a single controlling machine where orchestration begins. Ansible works against multiple systems in your infrastructure by selecting portions of Ansible’s inventory, stored as edit-able, version-able ASCII text files. Not only is this inventory configurable, but you can also use multiple inventory files at the same time and pull inventory from dynamic or cloud sources or different formats (YAML, INI, etc.). Any machine with Ansible utilities installed can leverage a set of files/directories to orchestrate other nodes. The absence of a central-server requirement greatly simplifies disaster-recovery planning. Nodes are managed by this controlling machine — typically over SSH. The controlling machine describes the location of nodes through its inventory. Sensitive data can be stored in encrypted files using Ansible Vault since 2014. In contrast with other popular configuration-management software — such as Chef, Puppet, and CFEngine — Ansible uses an agentless architecture, with Ansible software not normally running or even installed on the controlled node. Instead, Ansible orchestrates a node by installing and running modules on the node temporarily via SSH. For the duration of an orchestration task, a process running the module communicates with the controlling machine with a JSON-based protocol via its standard input and output. When Ansible is not managing a node, it does not consume resources on the node because no daemons are executing or software installed. …

In this task(4.1) we will be discussing how Hadoop contributes its limited or specific amount of storage as a slave to the cluster.

Lets first dig slightly into the main concepts of Hadoop known so far:

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Hadoop is an open-source software framework used for storing and processing Big Data in a distributed manner on large clusters of commodity hardware. Hadoop is licensed under the Apache v2 license.

Hadoop was developed, based on the paper written by Google on the MapReduce system and it applies concepts of functional programming. Hadoop is written in the Java programming language and ranks among the highest-level Apache projects. Hadoop was developed by Doug Cutting and Michael J. …

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The AWS Command Line Interface (CLI) is a unified tool to manage your AWS services. With just one tool to download and configure, you can control multiple AWS services from the command line and automate them through scripts.


1. Create a key pair
2. Create a security group
3. Launch an instance using the above created key pair and security group.
4. Create an EBS volume of 1 GB.
5. The final step is to attach the above created EBS volume to the instance you created in the previous steps.

Steps to be followed for using AWS CLI

  1. Creating an account in AWS and log in using the root…


Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence (AI) that provides systems the ability to automatically learn and improve from experience without being explicitly programmed. Machine learning focuses on the development of computer programs that can access data and use it to learn for themselves.

The process of learning begins with observations or data, such as examples, direct experience, or instruction, to look for patterns in data and make better decisions in the future based on the examples that we provide. …


In 2006, Amazon Web Services (AWS) began offering IT infrastructure services to businesses like web services — now commonly known as cloud computing. One of the key benefits of cloud computing is the opportunity to replace upfront capital infrastructure expenses with low variable costs that scale with your business. With the cloud, businesses no longer need to plan for and procure servers and other IT infrastructure weeks or months in advance. Instead, they can instantly spin up hundreds or thousands of servers in minutes and deliver results faster.

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Today, AWS provides a highly reliable, scalable, low-cost infrastructure platform in the cloud that powers hundreds of thousands of businesses in 190 countries around the world. …

“Hiding within those mounds of data is knowledge that could change the life of a patient, or change the world.”

-Atul Butte

What is Data?

The quantities, characters, or symbols on which operations are performed by a computer, which may be stored and transmitted in the form of electrical signals and recorded on magnetic, optical, or mechanical recording media.

What is Big Data?

Big data refers to the large, diverse sets of information that grow at ever-increasing rates. It encompasses the volume of information, the velocity or speed at which it is created and collected, and the variety or scope of the data points being covered. Big data often comes from multiple sources and arrives in multiple formats. Big data is a great quantity of diverse information that arrives in increasing volumes and with ever-higher velocity. Big data can be structured (often numeric, easily formatted, and stored) or unstructured (more free-form, less quantifiable). …


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